What is wine?

In the simplest way, it is a grape juice fermented by a specific method.
Wine is made solely from grapes. If you use any other fruits eg. apples or raspberries, you can not call such liquor a wine anymore.

In general, to produce a wine, you have to add some yeast to the grape juice. The yeast will “eat” the natural sugar contained in grapes and produce an alcohol. When the level of alcohol will reach a certain critical level, usually it is c.a. 12%, the fermentation process ends. Beyond this level, alcohol would kill the yeast themselves.

Sometimes a wine is not sweet enough as a winemaker wish, so when a fermentation is finished, some of them add some sugar to make the wine sweeter. But it is not a natural way of production of sweet wine, expected by most of the consumers.


Where does the wine come from?


Wine is produced almost everywhere, but it does not mean that you can produce good quality wine anywhere. There are just a few regions on our planet Earth, where conditions are ideal, but even more where conditions are good, or good enough.

As the wine culture spreads and the global climate change, during last few decades vineyards appeared in England, Sweden, Poland, and China.

Some wine specialists are convinced, that in the near future, due to a climate changes, the best wines will be produced in that mentioned above countries, where the climate is a little colder and wet.

How to choose ?

A choice is not easy.

Happily, there are few tips which will help to make a good choice.

Thirst of all.  You have to like to drink wine :-).

1. Cork:

The plug should be tight to protect the liquid inside of the bottle and allowing at the same time for a required minimal access to oxygen, needed to proper aging.

The plug itself should be neutral and can not transmit any defective scents to the wine taste and aroma.

In past times the choice was very simple. Winemakers used a cork made of better or worse material (oak cork), depending on wine quality and the predicted time of aging in the bottle. For simple and cheap wines they used short corks, for more expensive wines there were used longer corks made of better quality material. Of course, natural corks are used by the majority of respectable winemakers.

You can find as well silicon corks, which are save in 100% for the wine quality but do not have the splendor of natural cork.

It is possible to find as well a bottle with a glass corks, what is rather a unique, but absolutely save for the wine. But, in this case, you will miss the charm of uncorking the bottle of wine. 😉

2. Label.
3. Country of origin.
4. Grape variety.
5. Appellation.
6. Vintage.
7. Alcohol content.

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